Open Science

Open Science è "fare scienza" in modo che anche gli altri ricercatori possano collaborare e contribuire, dove i dati della ricerca, le note di laboratorio e altri processi sono resi disponibili, sotto termini che consentono il riutilizzo, la ridistribuzione e la riproduzione della ricerca e dei suoi dati e metodi sottesi.

“Open Science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods.”

FOSTER, What is Open Science? Introduction

Open Science

"Open Science describes the practice of carrying out scientific research in a completely transparent manner, and making the results of that research available to everyone. Isn't that just 'science'?!”

Secondo la Commissione Europea, Open Science è:

  • Condividere - in modo aperto e trasparente – metodologie, conoscenze, processi e strumenti, sin dalle prime fasi del processo della scoperta scientifica.
  • Trasparenza nella metodologia sperimentale, nell’osservazione dei fenomeni e nella raccolta dei dati
  • Affidabilità e riusabilità pubblica dei dati scientifici e dei prodotti della ricerca
  • Accessibilità pubblica e trasparenza dei processi di comunicazione scientifica
  • Utilizzo e condivisione dei tools web -based per facilitare la collaborazione scientifica

“Open access to research results through digital means enables faster and wider diffusion of scientific knowledge. The philosophy of openness in Digital science is even more extensive aiming at opening the whole research process and results for peers and public, through digital media and collaboration efforts:

  • Open access to research publications in open access journals or article repositories makes them freely available for anyone while new tools for citations, metadata and interoperability of repositories improve the discoverability of scientific knowledge on a new scale
  • Making research data underlying the research publications available enables reproducibility of the research by others, for verifying the results and reusing the data for new research purposes.
  • Transparency of research improves through publishing experiments and research results which are not published in traditional science journals
  • New technological solutions combined with open access to research resources enable citations and cross-references between publications, data and authors in a way that enables new traceability of research evidence flows and creation of new connections between research topics and actors. These also enable new means for evaluating the value of science through following the reuse of the scientific work, replacing traditional publisher-based scientific value metrics by research-oriented ones.
  • Opening up research resources facilitates scrutiny and feedback by peers and even the public already during the research process, enabling the research approach to be refined and improving quality through additional contributions.
European Commission, Digital science in Horizon 2020: Concept paper